Helping Patients with Allergic Reaction

Symptoms of a ‘mild to moderate’ allergic reaction:

  • Swelling of lips, face and eyes.
  • Rash.
  • Mouth tingling and discomfort.
  • Abdominal pain and vomiting.

How to aid the patient?

  • Staying with the patient and asking for help.
  • Making sure that the epinephrine autoinjector is ready for use in case the patient needs it.
  • Contacting the patient family.

Severe allergic reaction


  • Breathing difficulties.
  • Swelling of tongue.
  • Swelling and tingling in the larynx.
  • Speaking difficulties or voice change.
  • Continuous coughing or whistling.
  • Dizziness or fainting.
  • Pallor or drowsiness (in children).

How to aid the patient:

  • Adminster the epinephrine autoinjector.
  • Call ambulance.
  • Contact patient family.

How to give an epinephrine autoinjector?

  • Remove the safety cap.
  • Put the black end of the autoinjector device against the middle of the outer thigh (you can do it over clothes too).
  • Push the autoinjector firmly over the thigh until it clicks, and hold the device in place for 10 seconds.
  • Remove the autoinjector without touching it, and then massage the area after the injection for 10 seconds.

For more information please revise the Anaphylaxis document in the Guidelines section