Asthma is a common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narrow the airways, creating breathing difficulties that may range from mild to life-threatening. Symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, wheezing, and chest tightness.
Asthma symptoms come in the form of recurrent attacks ranging in severity and number, and are triggered by exposure to allergens or infection in the respiratory tract.
These symptoms can lead to physical intolerance for children, limiting their ability to play, run or even speak during severe attacks.
It is not clear why some people get asthma and others don't, but researches attribute the cause to a combination of environmental and genetic (inherited) factors.
Most Important Risk Factors
What are asthma triggers?
Exposure to various irritants and substances that trigger allergies (allergens) can induce signs and symptoms of asthma. Asthma triggers are different from person to person and may include:
The diagnosis of asthma depends mainly on the history of the disease, including symptoms, recurrence and triggers, followed by a clinical examination, lung function test and allergy test to identify allergen-causing factors.
Prevention and long-term control are the key in stopping asthma attacks before they start, which helps the patient enjoy a normal life and exercise his daily activities.
Make sure to use inhaler properly to ensure that the drug enters the airways and achieve the desired effect. You can follow these steps:
Develop a plan with the school to deal with acute attacks for the child and ensure that the child always carry quick-relief medication with him. Make sure to go to emergency in the following cases:
A child has asthma only when symptoms are present and asthma is cured when symptoms are absent.
Asthma drugs are addictive
Inhalers containing steroids have many side effects and should not be used.
Children with asthma should avoid playing or physical stress.