It is the most common chronic skin disease in children. It may also occur in any age group. It is characterized by periods of flares, when its symptoms getting worse, followed by periods of remissions, as the skin improves. Symptoms are often activated by irritating or allergic factors.
In most cases, eczema can often be accompanied by asthma or hay fever (Allergic rhinitis).
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis (eczema) vary from one person to another and from one age group to another. They include:
The underlying cause of eczema is currently unknown, but there are some factors that may be the cause of this disease, including:
When one of the first-degree relatives, such as parents and siblings, suffers the same disease, or suffers allergic rhinitis or asthma.
Not yet clear.
Eczema is diagnosed based on medical history and clinical examination. The patient is also examined for allergens, such as certain foods, in case his medical history indicates a possible food allergy.
There is no known cure for eczema, but there are preventive measures which depend on avoiding triggers and allergies, if any. This is along with paying much attention to skin moisture and some precautionary measures which can help control and ease flares.
They help control and reduce itching and inflammation.
They help control and reduce itching and inflammation
They may relieve itching and help affected child to sleep.